ITROSCO, SEMARANG – Sixth day of ITroSCo (25/8), the day was conducted by Hanan as the Master of Ceremony from one of the buddies. The first lecture was brought by a couple, Mr. Cahyadi Adhe Kurniawan, S.Kel., M.Si. and his wife, Mrs. Ismi. This session was also moderated by Mr. Kukuh Prakoso, S.Pi., M.Si. The couple talked about the philosophy behind the art of Indonesian Mangrove Batik.

Batik is a Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity belonging to Indonesia which was established by UNESCO on October 2, 2009. Along with the times, the increasing use of chemical dyes in batik has made environmental aspects threatened because batik-making waste is usually directly discharged into waterways. This of course will also have an impact on the mangrove ecosystem in the estuary. As a solution to these problems, the idea of making Batik Bakau was born. Bakau Batik is a batik that uses batik dyes from mangrove fruit waste (propagule) and empowers coastal women in the manufacturing process. It is hoped that the existence of Batik Mangrove can increase awareness of the environment, especially mangroves and introduce batik as an environmentally friendly world cultural heritage. For this pandemic time, the couple stated that they were in the middle of adapting. Producing products such as Batik Masks also helped the company they built from the ground.

The next session was brought by Dr. Tita Elfitasari, S.Pi., M.Sc., M.P for the second time in this event. Instead of talking about the marine and fisheries, according to her field, she introduced the Javanese Culture to the participants. This lecture was moderated by Mr. Seto Windarto, S.Pi., M.Sc., M.P.

Java as the most important island in Indonesia plays a vital role in shaping the art and culture of the Javanese society. In the island of Java itself, the culture is already divided into several different cultural backgrounds: Betawi (Jakarta), Sundanese (West Java), and Javanese (central java, east java, and Yogyakarta). These three cultural heritages also carry their own culture, art, language, and societal behavior. Semarang city, which is located in the northern coastal area of Central Java has a unique cultural background. The integration of the Dutch, Chinese and Arabic culture has shaped Semarang city with its rich culture. These three cultures are still present in Semarang city, where the Dutch heritage can be seen by the variety of Dutch-style buildings especially in the old town of Semarang city. Besides heritage buildings, the Javanese culture inherited the Javanese writing called “Hanacaraka” and Javanese language which is still widely being taught to primary and secondary school children in Central Java to preserve this culture. Other cultures such as wayang (puppet), are also famous among Javanese traditional art and culture as well as traditional dance, songs and ceremonies such as weddings, pregnancy, and births. All these have finally shaped the beliefs and behavior of the society, although modernization has also started to play a role and create a shift in the traditional Javanese views. (Committee of ITroSCo 2021)

~ ItroSCo 2021 committee ~

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